Annual rotation of committee members means the heads of Kansas City, St. Louis, Cleveland and Boston banks will be included.
The change is unlikely to significantly alter the course of policy, after all Fed officials indicated at their December 15 meeting they expected to raise interest rates in 2022. But the changes will draw more public attention to some of the Fed’s so-called. Hawks, officials who favor a more restrictive and less provocative policy than their colleagues.
Of the four new voters, Kansas City Fed chief Esther George is one of the central bank’s most consistent hawks, having dissented in more than half of her previous FOMC votes, always opting for tighter monetary policy than preferred by her colleagues. in favor of. He and St. Louis Fed Chairman James Bullard were early proponents of withdrawing economic stimulus in 2021
Cleveland Fed leader Loretta Meester has also tended to be more furious than some of her colleagues, and she was the only central banker to have expressed dissatisfaction with some of the central bank’s stimulus provided at the start of the pandemic in 2020 .
One wrinkle in the scheduled rotation is that the Boston Fed is in line to assume a voting slot, but currently lacks a permanent chairman. According to Fed practice, Philadelphia Fed Chairman Patrick Harker, generally seen as a centrist on monetary policy, will likely substitute for the Boston leader as a FOMC voter unless Boston is a new Fed chairman. Ho.
All members of the seven-seat Washington-based Fed Board of Governors and the president of the New York Fed are always FOMC voters.
Fed officials and analysts have warned against voting heavily on the FOMC and who not because all 12 regional Fed Bank presidents participate solely in the committee’s policy discussions, regardless of whether they are voters.
“My goal is to inspire everyone to adopt monetary policy that I think is the right one,” Bullard told reporters in early December. “But I respect the views of my colleagues, of course. I think the committee is smarter than any one person on the committee, and it’s a really joint process that over time leads to great, great leads to monetary policy,” she said then.
Fed officials on December 15 set the stage for a series of rate hikes early next spring, completing a major policy pivot that showed much concern about the likelihood of inflation staying high.
The FOMC voted at the meeting to accelerate the pace of its bond purchases, keeping the stimulus program on track to expire in March. Officials want to put an end to that process before raising rates.
Economic projections released after the meeting showed that all 18 officials expected to raise rates in 2022, and most of them penciled in three quarter-percentage-point increases. It is a significant change since their September meeting, when almost half of them expected no rate hike in 2022.
The Fed’s policy change comes as it faces inflation levels that are much higher and more persistent than officials expected, and well above their 2% target. So-called core consumer prices, which exclude volatile food and energy categories, rose 4.7% in November from a year earlier, according to the Fed’s preferred gauge.
Judging by the outcome of the Fed’s recent meeting, “the entire FOMC has moved in more haste,” said Kathleen Bosjanic, an economist at Oxford Economics.
The structure of the FOMC will also change in 2022 with leadership business on the Fed board, with one vacancy and two more to come. Governor Randall Quarles said he would resign by the end of December and that Vice Chairman Richard Clarida’s term would end in January.
President Biden has chosen Jerome Powell to continue as Fed chairman, starting a second-four-year term in February, and Fed Governor Lyle Brainard is subject to Senate confirmation to become Fed vice president.
Mr Biden, a former Fed governor and Treasury official, is considering nominating Sarah Bloom Ruskin to become the central bank’s vice president of oversight. He is also considering two economists for other board seats that will open soon: Lisa Cook, a professor of economics and international relations at Michigan State University; and Philip Jefferson, professor and administrator at Davidson College in North Carolina.
Write At [email protected] Michael S. derby