Top Line

At least three key witnesses are expected to testify before a special grand jury this week in Fulton County, Georgia, as part of an ongoing investigation into former President Donald Trump’s attempts to reverse the state’s 2020 presidential election. , which is on the rise after the midterm elections—and investigators are preparing to release the indictment as early as possibly next month.

Key Facts

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Georgia Gov. Brian Kemp (R) will testify in the investigation on Tuesday, Atlanta Journal-Constitution first informed of On Monday night, a court ordered him to testify, but let it happen after midterm, when Kemp ran and won again.

Former White House aide Cassidy Hutchinson will testify on Wednesday, CNN informed of citing unnamed sources.

Hutchinson, who worked for former White House chief of staff Mark Meadows, previously made waves for his explosive testimony to the House January 6 committee, in which Trump lunged on the steering wheel of his limo when he was told that he Can’t get into the Capitol Building on January 6 and Trump and Meadows were taken aback by the fact that on January 6 some of Trump’s supporters were heavily armed.

Sen. Lindsey Graham (RS.C.) is set to testify At the grand jury on Thursday after a lengthy court battle, Graham had to comply with a grand jury subpoena following the Supreme Court’s decision.

Graham will be able to dodge some questions that relate to his duties as a lawmaker, a lower court had previously ruled, after the senator argued he should drop out of testimony due to “speech and debate.” stream Which gives immunity to members of Congress from legal proceedings related to their official legislative work.

Trump’s former national security adviser Michael Flynn is also ready to appear As part of his legal effort to contest a summons for his testimony in court on Tuesday.

what to see

Other key witnesses still to testify before the grand jury include the former House speaker. newt gingrichwho was ordered to testify on November 29 after trying to contest the court summons, and Meadows, who was similarly ordered by a court. Told Must appear before the Grand Jury. Meadows is still fighting against that order in court.

what we don't know

What will happen with the investigation—though major steps could be taken soon after Georgia's runoff election on December 6. CNN informed of In October that Fulton County District Attorney Fannie Willis was refraining from making a public statement on the investigation at midterm, but intends to "quickly wrap up" the investigation at a later date, possibly with indictments coming out as early as December. The special grand jury, convened in May for up to a year, cannot actually issue an indictment on its own like a regular grand jury. CNN notes that Willis can convene a second regular grand jury if he has evidence of a crime, which can issue an indictment before the special grand jury is dissolved. Trump could face charges under investigation for violating laws that prohibit election fraud, racketeering and making false statements, states the United Democracy Center notesand a Brookings Institute analysis Published Monday estimates that Trump is "at substantial risk of criminal prosecution" as part of the investigation. In addition to Trump, his former lawyer Rudy Giuliani and the GOP official in the state who presented a false slate of voters to Congress were also told they are targets in the investigation.

main background

Willis first launched his investigation into the 2020 election in February 2021, and the investigation is one of two major criminal investigations into Trump's attempts to reverse the election results, as well as a separate investigation by the Justice Department. The investigation initially focused largely on Trump's post-election phone call with Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger (R), in which he asked Raffensperger to find enough votes to overturn the presidential results, but sources quoted by CNN Note that since then the investigation has become much wider. Willis's office is also investigating alleged false claims of voter fraud by Trump and his allies, a "fake voter" scheme to submit false results to Congress, attempts by Trump aides to access Georgia voting machines, and election workers. Against targeted threats, per CNN.

tangent line

The escalation of the Fulton County investigation comes the same week that Trump is set to begin his 2024 presidential bid, with an expected announcement on Tuesday. the former president Told He does not believe that being impeached would be a "ban" on his running for office.

Trump investigation of Fulton County, Georgia (Brookings Institution)

Kemp will testify in front of the Fulton grand jury on Tuesday (Atlanta Journal-Constitution)

Former White House aide Hutchinson will testify before an Atlanta-area grand jury on Wednesday (CNN)

Supreme Court rejects Graham's bid to avoid testifying in Georgia election investigation (Forbes)

Backgrounder: Fulton County Special Grand Jury Investigation in the 2020 Presidential Interference (States United Democracy Center)