It’s a ‘topsy-turvy’ recession and this is what it means for the market

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It’s jobs Friday. The release of the US monthly nonfarm payrolls report is always a highlight for Wall Street – particularly so in an uncertain monetary policy environment, when traders are hyper-sensitive to factors impacting Federal Reserve thinking.

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Indeed, the resilient labor market is causing many market observers to argue that despite suffering two successive quarters of contraction the US economy is not really in a ‘proper’ recession.

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These recession deniers are wrong, argues Dhaval Joshi, chief strategist for BCA Research’s Counterpoint in his latest note. It is a recession, albeit a ‘topsy-turvy’ one! Why? Because real labor costs are falling.

Firms lay off staff when they need to protect profits, he explains. In the past, when nominal sales have fallen relative to wage rates, then unemployment always has risen.

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But during a recession in which nominal sales do not shrink relative to wage rates, profits remain resilient, and so companies do not need to cut back labor costs. This is happening now.

“In the topsy-turvy recession of 2022, there has been much greater inflation in consumer prices and nominal sales than in nominal wage rates. The result is that real wage rates have collapsed, profits have stayed resilient, and firms have not needed to lay off workers… so far,” says Joshi.

Source: BCA Research

As a result this recession is fairer, reckons Joshi.

“In a typical recession, the pain falls on the minority of workers who lose their jobs, as well as on profits. Paradoxically, for the majority that keep their jobs, real wages go up. This is because sticky wage inflation tends to hold up more than collapsing price inflation.”

Yet in the current downturn the real wage rate has declined by 4% “meaning that the pain of the recession has fallen on all of us…This is confirmed by the current malaise being characterized not as a ‘jobs crisis’, but as a ‘ cost of living crisis”.

So, what happens next? Keep an eye on consumer price inflation and company sales. Once firms’ revenue growth starts dropping below the stickier wage growth, profits will decline and managers will look to trim the workforce.

“If inflation comes down slowly, then the current ‘cost of living crisis’, which is pummeling everyone’s real incomes, will persist. But if inflation comes down quickly while wage inflation remains sticky, firms will be forced to lay off workers to protect their profits, turning the ‘cost of living crisis’ into a ‘jobs crisis’,” says Joshi.

And what are the conclusions for investors? Well, in either scenario consumer spending, particularly on goods, will be crimped. Housing investment will remain in contraction until mortgage rates move notably lower.

“This double choke on growth is likely to keep a lid on ultra-long bond yields, even if central banks need to hike short-term rates more than expected to slay inflation,” says Joshi.

“For the stock market, this suggests that the valuation bear market is now over, but that ‘cyclical value’ sectors are now vulnerable to profit downgrades. Hence, equity investors should stick with ‘defensive growth’, specifically healthcare and biotech,” he concludes.


Equity markets are generally becalmed as traders await the US payroll data. S&P 500 futures ES00,
are up just 0.1% to 4,157 and Nasdaq 100 futures NQ00,
are adding 0.1% to 13,330. Meanwhile, the dollar index DXY,
is up 0.3% to 105.96 and the US 10-year Treasury yield TMUBMUSD10Y,
is down less than 1 basis point to 2.696%. WTI crude oil CL.1,
is up 0.6% to $89.08 a barrel, gold GC00,
is down 0.2% to $1,802 an ounce and Bitcoin BTCUSD,
is advancing 2.8% to $23,149.

The buzz

The main focus for Friday is the latest US non-farm payrolls data. Economists forecast 250,000 jobs were added in July, down from 372,000 the month before and that average earnings growth was steady at 0.3%.

You only get one chance to make a first impression. Register a fail, then, for Warner Bros. Discovery WBD,
whose shares are down 10.6% ahead of the opening bell after missing revenue expectations by about $2 billion in its first earnings update late Thursday.

Tesla TSLA,
Shareholders have agreed another stock split – shares, quite sensibly, go ‘meh’! Meanwhile Elon Musk has counter-sued Twitter TWTR,
as the latest chapter of “Billionaire Buyer Remorse” plays out.

Shares in meme-stock darling AMC Entertainment AMC,
are down 8.6% in premarket trading after the group said it would issue a special dividend in the form of ‘Ape’ preferred stock.

A quieter day for earnings includes Western Digital WDC,
and DraftKings DKNG,

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the chart

More than 80% of S&P 500 companies have now reported for the second quarter earnings season, and so far profits are up 8.6%, on a blended basis according to Refinitiv. Energy has been an important contributor. The oil price averaged well above $100 a barrel for April through June. But it’s now down below $90.

Source: Refinitiv

Top tickers

Here were the most active stock-market tickers on MarketWatch as of 6 am Eastern.


security name


AMC Entertainment
















Advanced Micro Devices


Exela Technologies

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