Minimum wage increases, animal protection, police accountability, and tax cuts and increases are all part of a series of new laws that are taking effect across the United States on Saturday, the first day of 2022.
Some laws, such as abortion restrictions in New Hampshire or police-reform measures passed in Illinois, Oregon and North Carolina, address some of the most controversial issues of the time.
Others, such as a Maine law passed after the September 2019 explosion that killed one firefighter and injured several others, are more narrowly focused and were passed to fix specific situations.
The Connecticut Parentage Act allows unmarried, same-sex or non-biological parents to establish parental rights through a simple form that gives the parents legal capacity immediately after the child is born.
In Kansas, people will be allowed to purchase special license plates depicting “Don’t Trade on Me” and the coiled snake symbol, known as the Gadsden flag. Critics suggested that the Gadsden flag has become a racist symbol that has been adopted by some far-right groups.
Here are the details of some of the new laws that will come into effect from Saturday across the country:
Minimum Wage: California will become the first state to require a minimum wage of $15 per hour for businesses with more than 25 employees. Several other locations across the country have already reached the $15 limit.
More than 20 other states are also raising their minimum wage to less than $15. A handful of states have no state-level minimum wage laws, which means they rely on the federal minimum wage of $7.25 an hour.
Abortion: In New Hampshire, abortion will be prohibited after 24 weeks of gestation, with exceptions to the life or physical health of the mother.
Democrats have already drafted legislation to repeal the new sanctions. Some also want to include the right to make reproductive medicine decisions a constitutional right.
The new law in New Hampshire comes as the US Supreme Court is considering a case that could seriously destroy abortion rights that have stood for half a century.
Republican lawmakers across the country are set to further restrict or restrict abortion, while the Democratic-led ones are seeking to ensure access to abortion in their state law.
animal welfare: Come Saturday, California will have some of the toughest living conditions in the country for breeding pigs.
Industry lawsuits failed to block the measure that is the result of a 2018 ballot initiative, but grocers and restaurants are now suing for a 28-month delay. Critics, including some lawmakers on both sides, have called for enforcement to be put off by 2024 on fears prices will rise and jobs will be lost.
California is allowing continued sales of processed pork under old rules, which proponents say should blunt any shortages and price increases.
Maryland will join several states with a new law that would prohibit the sale of any new cosmetic product if it contains ingredients that were tested on animals.
In Vermont, a new law makes it illegal to trade in parts or products of many exotic animals, including elephants, giraffes, sea turtles, endangered sharks, whales and some primates.
The law includes exemptions for law enforcement, educational or scientific uses. The law also allows the trading of antiques that contain small amounts of animal products or a certain component of a firearm; Knife; Or a legally acquired, small musical instrument.
Drug Law: Recreational marijuana will become legal in Montana. State voters approved changes to the November 2020 initiative.
Under the new law, only businesses that were providing medical marijuana before November 3, 2020, are eligible to develop, manufacture and sell adult-use marijuana, concentrates and edibles until June 30, 2023.
A new law in Mississippi eliminates the need for a prescription to buy decongestants that contain ephedrine or pseudoephedrine. Under the new law the drug would be available behind the counter at pharmacies and pharmacists would have to keep track of how much is sold to a person.
Like many other states, Mississippi mandated a prescription years ago because drug enforcement agents said drugs with ephedrine or pseudoephedrine were being used as an ingredient in crystal methamphetamine. Some consumers complained that nonprescription decongestants weren’t strong enough.
Physical Discrimination: In both Illinois and Oregon, new laws go into effect that ban discrimination based on physical characteristics, such as hairstyle.
In Oregon, the bill, unofficially known as the “Crown Act,” would ban discrimination based on “physical characteristics that have historically been associated with race,” including hairstyles such as braids, locks, and twists.
In Illinois, the law is known as the Jet Hawkins Law, after Gus “Jet” Hawkins, a black student who was asked to pull out his braids at the age of 4 because of the hairstyle he had at his Chicago school. The dress code was violated.
Their mother, Ida Nelson, started an awareness campaign after the incident, saying that tarnishing children’s hair could have a negative impact on their educational development. She called it “monumental” when the bill was signed by Democratic Governor JB Pritzker last summer.
Police Reforms: Motivated by racial counts following the killing of George Floyd and other black people killed by police, several states passed new criminal justice laws in 2021 – the first full year of state legislative sessions since Floyd’s death.
Illinois law standardizes the certification of police officers by the Illinois Law Enforcement Training and Standards Board and allows officers to repeatedly commit wrongful or unethical behavior, rather than being convicted of a crime.
In North Carolina, law enforcement recruits now must receive a psychological screening by a licensed psychologist to determine their suitability for the job before serving as an officer or deputy. The previous mandate did not apply to everyone.
In Oregon, a new law requires a police officer who observes another officer engaging in misconduct or violating the state’s minimum ethical fitness standards to report it to a supervisor within 72 hours. A police agency must complete an investigation within three months and report findings of misconduct that rise above minor violations to the state.
do: In Georgia, a new law increases the amount people can earn before they start paying state taxes. The tax deduction would save individual tax filers up to $43 per year, and married couples filing jointly up to $63.
Georgia teachers who agree to work in certain rural or low-performing schools can receive up to $3,000 a year from their state income tax for five years.
In Oklahoma, the top personal income tax rate is falling from 5% to 4.75%. Lawmakers cut the corporate income tax rate from 6% to 4%.
Republican Governor Kevin Stitt of Oklahoma said after signing, “I’ve promised to make Oklahoma a top 10 state for business and to lower our business taxes among the lowest in the country is another tool that allows us to recruit and hire companies.” will help maintain it.” Bill
In New Mexico, the legislature led by Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham and the state’s Democrat added a new 2.75% surcharge on health insurance premiums.
The tax increase will be used in large part to reduce health-exchange insurance offerings for employees as well as low- and middle-income individuals in small businesses starting in 2023.