People of color have been less likely than their white counterparts to get a COVID-19 vaccine — but that is finally changing

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Despite the initial challenges to access and advance the COVID-19 vaccine, some things have slowly changed for the better.

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“Black and Hispanic people are less likely than their white counterparts to receive the vaccine, but these disparities have decreased over time, especially for Hispanics,” according to Kaiser Family Foundation, a healthcare think tank. “White people account for the largest share of unvaccinated people.”

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The latest Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data reported that race/ethnicity was known for 74 percent of people who received at least one dose of the vaccine. In the 42 states covered by the CDC, 60% of white and Hispanic people had received at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccine as of January 10, 2022, which is still higher than the rate for blacks (54%). .

Whites and blacks made up smaller portions of those receiving at least one dose of the vaccine compared to their respective shares of the total US population, while Hispanic/Latino, American Indian or Alaska Native, and identifying with “multiple” According to CDC data, the “other” race or ethnicity has all exceeded their share of the overall population.

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,‘Ensuring equity in booster shots and immunizations among children is also important.’,


– Kaiser Family Foundation

“Significant gaps in the data help to understand who is vaccinated and who is not. To date, CDC is not publicly reporting state-level data on the racial/ethnic composition of people who are vaccinated,” KFF said. CDC also isn’t reporting racial/ethnic vaccination data for children, and racial/ethnic data for boosters is limited to people 65 and older.

KFF said, “With booster shot eligibility expanding to vaccinate all individuals 12 years of age and older and children aged 5-11 years, it is also important to ensure equality in booster shots and immunization among children. ” As of January 10, 2022, 26.3% of children aged 5-11 and 64.3% of children aged 12-17 have received at least one dose of COVID-19 vaccine.

Two-shot mRNA-based vaccines made by Pfizer PFE
-1.06%
With German partner BioNTech SE

bntx,
-3.44%
, and modern mRNA,
-2.59%
Most shots in the US make up less than 63% of the population are fully vaccinated, and only 37.5% have boosters. Last week, Moderna CEO Stephen Bynes said people may need a fourth booster, as the effectiveness of the dose may decrease over time.

‘High vulnerability’

COVID-19 has adversely affected minority groups. Other factors limiting access to vaccines include technical resources for navigating online scheduling systems; Less flexibility in work and caregiving programs to be able to search for appointments or take whatever placement is available; And limited transportation options restrict the range of viable vaccination locations.

The rate of change in vaccination coverage was lower in “high-vulnerability” California counties than in medium- and low-vulnerability counties, as measured by the Social Vulnerability Index, a separate study found this week. The index, created by the CDC, looks at socioeconomic status, household structure and disability, minority status and language, and housing and transportation.

Posted in Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, the peer-reviewed study found that minority status and ability to speak English were major factors in reducing access to COVID-19 vaccines, highlighting the need for more outreach. “COVID-19 disparities among vulnerable populations are of paramount importance that extends to vaccine administration,” the study said.

,‘We have begun to see that residents of highly vulnerable counties receive higher rates of vaccination.’,


—Alexander Bruckhaus, study co-author, published in the Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health

“In other words, there has been a slow increase in the number of vaccinations, with more racial/ethnic minority residents, and a higher concentration of people whose English is less fluent,” said co-author Alexander Bruckhaus. In March 2021, California invested more in public education around vaccines, and higher-susceptibility counties began to see higher vaccination rates, he said.

Brookhaus, a research fellow at the University of Southern California, and his fellow scientists analyzed vaccination data between December 2020 and May 2021. Since then, the Omron version has made a splash across America, putting pressure on hospitals. Nationally intensive care units have an 80% occupancy rate, according to New York Times Tracker, but many hospitals are at full or near full capacity.

Alice Gould and Valerie Wilson, economists at the Economic Policy Institute, wrote That black workers face “two of the deadliest worrisome conditions attributed to the coronavirus – racism and economic inequality.” Persistent racial disparities in access to health care, wealth, employment, housing, income, among other factors, he said, “all contribute to greater susceptibility to the virus.”

(Meera Jagannathan contributed to this story.)

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