Top Line

Americans will set their clocks back on Sunday morning as daylight saving time comes to an end – even as a national debate gathers steam as to whether daylight saving time and standard The long tradition of switching between times should be ended, and if daylight should be pushed back permanently. extra hour.

Key Facts

- Advertisement -

At 2 p.m. on Sunday, clocks in the US will revert to standard time, turning back an hour and giving Americans an extra hour of sleep that night, but shifting sunrise and sunset an hour earlier and more than four months into deep winter. to start the evening.

In March, the Senate approved bipartisanship sunshine protection actThat would make daylight saving time permanent, extending daylight hours to evening between November and March in lieu of darker winter mornings – but the bill has stalled in the House.

The bill, which would apply to every state except Hawaii and Arizona—given an external, year-round standard time in the daylight savings zone—argued Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), who introduced the bill. They said it would reduce crime, improve congestion traffic safety and encourage children to play outside for longer periods of time.

Critics of the semi-annual switch also point out that changing clocks twice a year has been linked to an increase in the process. traffic accidents, Robbery, workplace injuries And heart attack In the days after the change—a 2004 study published in Accident analysis and prevention It was also found that permanent daylight savings would reduce vehicle fatalities by more than 350 per year.

MP in Arkansas, Arizona, california, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Illinois, louisiana, I, new jersey, Oregon, South Carolina, TennesseeUtah and Washington passed as proposed Bills to make daylight saving time permanent, although none of those bills have received congressional approval – the Uniform Time Act allows states to free In 1968, what Arizona did (with the exception of the Navajo Nation) was daylight saving time itself—but prohibits states from staying on permanent daylight saving time without Congressional approval.

chief critic

Scientists studying sleep warn that the transition to permanent daylight saving time could disrupt Americans' circadian rhythms as afternoon sunlight is pushed back from noon to 1 p.m. 2019 Study In Journal of Health Economics, is that people's "social and biological time" is separated, causing what is known as "social jetlag", while total sleep time is reduced by an average of 19 minutes, and sleep quality worsens . This can lead to an increased risk of health problems, including obesity, diabetes and heart disease, according to Professor Karin Johnson of the University of Massachusetts Chan Medical School-Biastate. NBC News informed of.

big number

63%. This is the share of American adults surveyed at the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Survey Last July those who want to end the seasonal timing change, including 38% who strongly support ending it.

main background

Although the debate over daylight saving time is almost as old as the practice itself, it is facing renewed criticism as lawmakers attempt to do away with standard time altogether. The semi-annual change of clocks began in 1918 as a fuel-saving initiative, giving shoppers overtime after work, though federal officials left it to state and local lawmakers to decide. When should they reset their clocks, and do they do it. Creating a completely non-uniform nationwide time system. Congress standardized the practice in 1966, with former President Lyndon B. Johnson ratifying the Uniform Time Act, followed by a three-year plan from the Committee for Time Uniformity. Congress in 1996 Amendment The Uniform Time Act extends daylight saving time by about a month by bringing the start date from the first Sunday in April to the second Sunday of March, while extending the end date from the last Sunday in October to the first Sunday of November. Recently, however, a bipartisan group of lawmakers is once again trying to change America's times. In a statement last year, san ed marque (D-Mass.), which supports the Sunshine Protection Act, argued that sustainable daylight saving time "positively affects consumer spending and changes energy consumption," while Sen. James Lankford (R-Okla.) .) said, "I don't know the parent of a small child who would resist getting rid of it by moving forward or falling behind."

Sustainable Daylight Saving Time would reduce collisions with deer and save lives, study finds (Forbes)

Daylight saving time is here and it may be the last time we 'spring forward' (Forbes)

The clocks turn back this weekend, but the future of daylight saving time is far from fixed (NBC News)

A Brief History of Daylight Saving Time (Forbes)