The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences launched a formal review Monday of Will Smith’s slapping of Chris Rock at Sunday’s Academy Awards, and could decide to punish the actor, though it’s not yet clear how.

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The Academy said Monday it “will explore further action and consequences in accordance with our By-laws, Standards of Conduct and California law,” after Rock declined to press charges with authorities Sunday.

According to The Academy’s code of conduct, members are expected to “behave ethically” and breaches include uninvited physical contact, according to Variety,

Punishment can include suspension or expulsion from the group, private or public reprimand, temporary or permanent loss of the ability to attend events or receive awards or “other sanctions that the Academy in its sole discretion may deem appropriate,” Variety reported.

Two members of the Academy have been permanently previously: Actor Carmine Caridi in 2004 for violating voting rules, and Harvey Weinstein in 2017, after he was accused and later found guilty of sexual assault, according to the New York Times,

Weinstein’s expulsion was “largely symbolic,” according to the Timesand precludes him from voting for future Academy award shows—though his many Oscars have not been rescinded, and neither have director Roman Polanski’s, who has been accused of sexual assault.

Weinstein’s expulsion was granted by a two-thirds vote of the Academy’s board of governors, which is a 54-member body that currently includes actors Whoopi Goldberg, Laura Dern and Rita Wilson and directors Ava DuVerney and Stephen Spielberg, among other film industry leaders.

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