The blood pressure of middle-aged Americans increased during COVID-19 pandemic — here’s why

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Middle-aged Americans saw their blood pressure increase during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to new research published Monday in Circulation, the leading journal of the American Heart Association.

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Nearly half of American adults have high blood pressure, the association said, and this is the main reason heart disease, About 75% of all hypertension cases remain above the recommended blood pressure level.

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To slow the spread of stay-at-home orders between March and April 2020, in addition to stress related to finances and health during the pandemic COVID-19 Inspired people to exercise less and, possibly, eat more takeout.

From April 2020 to December 2020, the average increase in blood pressure each month ranged from 1.10 to 2.50 mm Hg higher for systolic blood pressure and 0.14 to 0.53 mm Hg higher for diastolic blood pressure, for the same time period in 2019.

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,‘At the beginning of the pandemic, most people were not taking care of themselves.’,


—Luke Laffin, co-director of the Center for Blood Pressure Disorders at the Cleveland Clinic

“At the beginning of the pandemic, most people weren’t taking good care of themselves,” said lead study author Luke Laffin, co-director of the Center for Blood Pressure Disorders at the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio.

“The increase in blood pressure was related to changes in eating habits, increased alcohol consumption, less physical activity, decreased adherence to medication, greater emotional stress, and poorer sleep,” he said.

Last October, the Food and Drug Administration recommended that restaurants and food manufacturers reduce the amount of sodium in their meals to 3,000 milligrams per day — still more than the recommended daily allowance — over a period of two and a half years.

“More than 70% of total sodium intake comes from sodium added during food manufacturing and commercial-food preparation,” the FDA said. Excess sodium in the diet helps raise blood pressure.

The latest study included nearly 500,000 adults across the US with an average age of 46 – 54% were women and 46% were men – whose blood pressure was measured during annual employee health checks from 2018 to 2020.

,‘The COVID-19 pandemic has had a long lasting impact on health and will continue to be.’,


–Eduardo Sanchez, chief medical officer of the American Heart Association for Prevention

Before the pandemic, blood pressure measures were largely unchanged when compared to the previous years of the study, the authors said. Higher readings were recorded in older participants, especially systolic blood pressure,

Study participants were classified into four groups: normal, elevated, stage 1 hypertension and stage 2 hypertension, based on current American Heart Association blood pressure guidelines,

“The COVID-19 pandemic has had long-lasting health effects across the country and is particularly related to uncontrolled hypertension,” said Eduardo Sánchez, chief medical officer of the Association for Prevention.

Lafin said that even a modest increase in blood pressure puts a person at increased risk of stroke and other adverse heart disease events. He added that it is important to visit your doctor regularly for checkups and to be aware of all heart related problems.

According to a government study, Americans consume about 3,400 milligrams of sodium per day, but Dietary Guidelines from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that people consume less than 2,300 milligrams per day.

,Even a slight increase in blood pressure increases a person’s risk of stroke and other adverse heart disease events.,

US News & World Report’s annual rankings from 1 to 39 in 2021 world’s best (and, yes, the worst) diets, a team of 24 panelists The professional who was a “nationally recognized” ranked the Mediterranean diet No. 1 for the fourth year in a row.

ranking is based on Seven Criteria: Short-term weight loss, long-term weight loss, effectiveness for prevention of cardiovascular disease, effectiveness for preventing diabetes, ease of compliance, nutritional completeness and health risks.

2 on the U.S. News & World Report list, the DASH diet, which stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. It recommends eating fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains, poultry, fish and low-fat dairy products while restricting salt, red meat, sweets and sugar-sweetened beverages.

“Even in the midst of a pandemic, it’s important to pay attention to your blood pressure and your chronic medical conditions,” Lafin said. “Get regular exercise, eat a healthy diet, and monitor your blood pressure and cholesterol.”

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