In a recent article we looked at poverty rates in all 50 US states. Now, using data from the US Census Bureau’s 2019 and 2014 American Community Surveys, Five-Year Estimates, we analyzed all major US cities (with a population of at least 100,000) in terms of the percentage of the population living below poverty. has done. Line.
US Poverty Rates by City
The good news is that the percentage of people living below the poverty line in most US cities has declined over the past five years. The bad news is that poverty rates are very high in many major US cities. For example, the 50 largest US cities have an average percentage of people living below the poverty line at 17.4%, meaning that only one in five people live below the poverty line.
Looking at all US cities with at least 100,000 people, the cities with the lowest poverty rates have populations between 100,000 and 250,000. San Jose, California, is the only city with more than one million residents with a poverty rate below 10% (8.7% in 2019, down from 11.8% in 2014). Another good exception is Virginia Beach, with a population of about 440,000, with only 7.3% of the population living below the poverty line, up from 8.3% five years ago.
US Cities With Lowest Poverty Rates
Again, looking at US cities with populations of at least 100,000, the cities with the lowest poverty rates have fewer than 250,000 people. Here are the 20 cities with the lowest percentage of people living below the poverty line:
US Cities With Highest Poverty Rates
Now we’ll look at the flip side: the major cities in America with the highest poverty rates. One of the positive trends with these cities is that most of them have experienced a substantial decline in the share of their population living below the poverty line over the past five years. Given the 20 cities with populations of at least 100,000 and the highest rates of poverty, only one city – New Haven, Connecticut – has seen its share of people living below the poverty line increase from 2014 to 2019, and even that it is only 0.1. , Yet, despite widespread declines in poverty rates, the percentage of the population living below the poverty line is discouraging in these cities, ranging from a high of 35% in Detroit to a low of 26.2% in Waco, Texas. Here are the 20 largest US cities with the highest poverty rates:
All Major US Cities by Poverty Rate
Below you’ll find a table of all U.S. cities with populations of at least 100,000 and their respective poverty rates for 2019 and 2014, as well as the five-year change in their population living below the poverty line.